2022.07.20 15:01

Champions League: the mood for lynching and police terror greeted Fradi fans in Bratislava thirty years ago

The match between Ferencváros and Slovan in the Champions League is taking place, and the history of the teams' flagrant match is horrifying... Even almost thirty years later, the photos taken of the brutality of Slovak commandos during the Slovan-Ferencváros European Cup match in September 1992 are shocking. The ski-masked thugs went on a rampage in the Hungarian fans' sector, and the fans fled the stadium in shock with broken bones.

The mood for lynching and police terror greeted Fradi fans in Bratislava thirty years ago

The photos are shocking even after almost thirty years.

Following the unjustified brutality of the Slovak police, the section of Hungarian fans in the national football stadium resembled a battlefield, and while most of the Fradi fans visiting Bratislava were fleeing from the black-masked commandos hunting Hungarians, a young woman in the front rows of the stands was sobbing in shock. The medical staff wearing white coats had already arrived at the front of the fence in front of the sector when the local 'policemen' again targeted the girl and some of the Hungarians trying to protect her. In a video still available on the internet, a baton is seen being shoved into the eyes of one of the fans at close range...

"This seems to have been a political provocation"

The case, which erupted after the rampage of Slovakian police officers, closed with a verdict by UEFA's disciplinary committee without evidence, which seemed unfair from a Hungarian point of view, but it would be difficult to say exactly when it started. On September 16, 1992, Ferencváros played against Slovan Bratislava on the opponent's home ground in the predecessor of the Champions League, the European Cup. A report in the Nemzeti Sport newspaper at the time mentions that a few days before the first leg of the match, Hungarian and Slovakian police had mutually agreed on the security of the clash. Apparently to no avail, at an impromptu press conference at the BRFK (Budapest Police Headquarters) the day after the match, the then police chief of District IX district, Lieutenant Colonel István Gémesi, said that the organizers had not taken the Hungarian side's advice into account.

Lajos Lázár reported to Nemzeti Sport about the clash in Bratislava, which he recalled as follows: “The match was a nightmare... The first inconvenience was my indigestion. I asked Jenő Gyarmati, the team doctor, in the Fradi dressing room to somehow put me in a better condition, and he gave me an injection, which made me feel better. Even before the match, I could feel the tension. It seemed natural at the time as the stakes were high. Shortly after the start, the police officers dressed in black unexpectedly lined up, which was unnecessary. The sector designated for Fradi fans was opposite the press sector, and we could clearly see that there was no disorderly conduct, which would have necessitated such heavy security. I couldn't see what happened during the break between the two halves because there was no phone on the press terrace and had to send my reports of the events up to that point from the clubhouse. Going back to the beginning of the second half, I asked colleagues how things were going, and they replied that things were getting tense. Some of the supporters found the presence of the people in black uniforms oppressive and expressed this with shouts. They didn't need much more than that, they stormed into the sector designated for Fradi fans and indiscriminately punched everyone. We watched on in bewilderment, and we think the referee should have taken action, too. When I reported from the clubhouse after the match, I asked my Slovakian colleagues again what they thought about what had happened, but they just opened their arms, saying that that was the way it was, but there were some who condemned the police abuse. Most of them feared that what happened inside the stadium would continue outside. I only had second-hand information about what was going on, because the staff I arrived with immediately went back to the airport in cars with Slovakian license plates." (GY. V.) 

Even in the hours before the match, which ended in a 4-1 Slovan win, you could sense that something was in the making. Nap TV made a video report of the events, in which the Fradi fans, who were interviewed before the starting whistle blew, were already agitated, and upset by the unjustified harshness of the local police - some 300 of whom were involved in providing security, including 24 mounted police. One of the groups had not even gotten off the train but their red, white, and green flags were taken away, and a young man wearing a green and white T-shirt was kicked by the police before the interview. The confusion was also evident at the entrance. Fans from Hungary were shunted from one gate to the next, and some were asked for their tickets at the gate and then pushed outside the stadium. It can also be heard in the report that Slovakian fans were allowed into the section reserved for Hungarians.

"By all indications, this was an open political provocation. Those who invented it are far from European mentality. I don't know any facts that would justify the rampant brutality," Géza Entz, the then Secretary of State and the president of the Office of Hungarians Beyond Borders, told Nemzeti Sport after the incident.

Roland Domonkos, the current leader of the YBS fan group in Dunajská Streda, was in the sector that was stormed by the police during the Slovan-Ferencváros European Cup match thirty years ago. “I have always been an anti-Slovan, and I support every Hungarian team as well as Fradi that plays against Bratislava team. It was the same thirty years ago. As I couldn't get tickets in the guest section, I followed the game behind one of the goal posts, between Slovan and Fradi supporters. There was no disagreement between the parties. Then the commandos came up the stairs, we could feel that something was about to happen. After a while, they started beating everyone for no reason, I think even Slovan fans. In hindsight, I think the order came from above... They hit everyone, young ones, elderly, women, and children. One man laid on top of his pregnant wife to protect her, but the police didn't spare them, they both got hit. The only way I escaped a major beating was to speak Slovakian to the policeman. It was a horrific sight, with blood pouring from the heads of many people after the senseless beating. After the match, all Hungarians - including us who had taken the train to Bratislava - were literally pushed into the nearby buses that came from Hungary. We were lucky that ours went to the motherland via Dunajská Streda. Even now, thirty years later, it is a terrible feeling to think back on what I experienced. And in 1992, I didn't know that in 2008 there would be another attack on Hungarian fans. Then, in Dunajská Streda, they beat the yellow-blue and red-white-green fans." (T. D.) 

No one who spoke Hungarian was spared

Later, some people spoke of provocation, but the "calculation" did not work.

Mihály Havasi, Ferencváros' technical director at the time, told our newspaper the same thing, which was later confirmed by the fans: there were no fights between the two teams' fans before and during the match.

Meanwhile, on the pitch, it was a rather one-sided contest: Slovan was leading 3-0 against FTC, coached by Tibor Nyilasi, in the 56th minute.

However, the torture of Fradi fans only really began after that.

The first hit into the Hungarian sector was seen about four minutes later and there was no turning back after that.

Nap TV's footage shows five black-masked commandos with batons facing the only youngster wearing a white T-shirt, and after some exchanging of words, they start to hit him.

What happened next is probably still vivid in the minds of the fans present at the time. From then on, the uniformed officers hit practically everyone they could reach, including women, girls, and children.


Viktor Kövesdi's name may sound familiar in connection with transfers nowadays, but the co-owner of CMG Management Office traveled to the Slovan-Ferencváros match as a reporter for Nap TV in 1992. As he said, the large number of fans on the road made them feel that something was happening at the European Cup match, but they did not expect what was waiting for them in Bratislava.

"It was a strange situation that after we arrived in the city, we didn't look for the interviewees, they looked for us," Viktor Kövesdi recalled to our newspaper. “As soon as the fans saw our crew getting out of a van with Hungarian license plates, they came to us and started to list their grievances. We had no idea at the time that this was just the beginning."

The reporter was able to film with the cameramen on the sidelines - a common practice at the time - so he could see exactly what was happening in the sector behind the goal post where the organizers were herding the Hungarian fans.

"Even afterwards it was difficult to reconstruct why exactly the hooded commandos had entered the sector. But once they arrived, panic broke out, everyone tried to escape, but more and more local forces arrived, and we saw some pretty violent scenes. We were not subjected to any atrocities, but when we tried to go to the fence, the Slovakian policeman objected to our wanting to film there. This was the Slovakian policeman with whom I had spoken Hungarian before the match, but after the 60th minute, he had forgotten the language. Once the trouble broke out, none of the directors or policemen spoke Hungarian... After the match, we had to flee as well. When we tried to get the Hungarian fans to speak, the Slovan supporters, who were so excited by the police violence, hunted down every car with Hungarian license plates, which made them see red. What happened was incomprehensible, and no evidence was later found to prove that Hungarian fans provoked the violence. It was probably about someone who made a decision that had to be implemented under all circumstances. Looking at the footage and pictures, it's a miracle that there was no tragedy."
A few months later, CNN awarded a special prize to the report, which is still available on YouTube today. (B. A. B.)

"My ticket was for behind the goal post, in sector C, where the commandos chased us after the third goal," said Ferenc Spohn, who called our newspaper's editorial office the next day. "Unfortunately, they not only chased us but also beat us to a pulp... I don't know what drove them. In this sector, Hungarians and Slovakians were sitting next to each other, with no fence separating the two fan bases. Nevertheless, apart from pointing fingers at each other to see what the result would be, there was not a single angry exchange of words. Soon afterwards, the commandos came at us from the back in a rush. If I sit three meters away, I get the first beat. They hit indiscriminately whoever they caught or who fell. A Slovakian photojournalist was beaten so badly that the poor woman was crushed, and her husband, who came to her defense, was also beaten.”

The terrified fans tried to escape and get out of the sector but were chased by the riot police. The video footages show them climbing over the fence to continue their rampage in another sector.

"People trained against criminals beat up girls and children and did not spare anyone who spoke Hungarian," István Szívós, the then executive chairman of Fradi, told Nemzeti Sport. “Whether it was a planned action or not, I don't know, but I am sure that the stormtroopers were not called to watch the match."

Serious injuries, broken bones, bleeding heads, shocked fans, mood for lynching – that's what Ferencváros got in Bratislava.


András TELEK, former Ferencváros defender: “It was bad to see what happened in the stands, but the overall picture is that we really messed up that game. We could play much better football than we did in Bratislava. We could see what was happening in the stands, but we tried to detach ourselves from what was happening. In the rematch, we tried to make up for it, but the team with the better performance in the two matches advanced. Slovan did not advance because of what happened in the stands, but I am confident that today's team will fight back on the pitch to make up for our elimination.”

Péter LIPCSEI, former Ferencváros midfielder: “It is a very painful memory, and not only because of the 4-1 defeat. It was horrible to see the Hungarian fans being beaten behind the fence. I met Tibor Nyilasi at the press conference for the launch of the Fradi storybook last Friday and asked him, apropos of the upcoming match, if he remembered me signaling to the bench in Bratislava to leave the pitch. All of a sudden, the hooded commandos appeared in the section and started beating everyone with batons and vipers, and we all felt on the pitch that we were unable to concentrate on the game. It was difficult to process what had happened, because after the final whistle, we received phone calls after the other, friends and fans were calling us. They told us that the locals' action didn't stop after the game, all the bus windows were smashed, broken glass littered the streets. Even after the final whistle, we heard nothing but worrying news.”

UEFA's reasoning surprised even Slovan

"From the video footage of the football match, the photos taken on the spot, the press, and the personal information of the participants, it can already be clearly concluded that the brutal action of the police and commando forces were in no way commensurate with the behavior of the Hungarian fans," Nemzeti Sport quoted Balázs Horváth, the minister without portfolio in charge of sports supervision.

After the incident, Ferencváros appealed the match, the club's view is that the events after the 60th minute affected the state of mind of the players, who could not detach themselves from the off-field events. The Hungarian club's delegation traveled to the hearing before the Union of European Football Associations' disciplinary committee with a videotape, 200 photographs, and 50 medical reports. In Zurich, they first heard the testimonies of the referees, followed by Slovan's and then Ferencváros' delegates. According to our on-the-spot report, the committee members somewhat reacted to the brutality of the black hooded men - but that was as far as it went.

The committee made a decision on the same day: the result of the match was confirmed by the result on the pitch, and both teams were fined 15,000 Swiss francs. According to the more than shocking written justification, the events that started in the 60th minute did not affect the result of the match as the locals had already gained a significant lead and the Ferencváros fans provoked police intervention, which went far beyond what was acceptable. In addition, the fact that Ferencváros had already been punished in 1989 and 1990 for fan disorder was taken into account as an aggravating circumstance.

The decision says a lot that UEFA has not presented any evidence to support its reasoning.

Even Slovan's management did not claim that Ferencváros fans provoked the intervention of the riot police.

Csaba Toroczkai’s photos are authentic evidence of the brutal attacks on Hungarian fans – the photojournalist's series of photos was also awarded at the press photo competition of the Association of Hungarian Journalists in 1992 - CLICK ON PHOTO TO OPEN GALLERY!
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